VOLUNTEER REGIMENTS

Alabama

  • Battalion of Alabama Volunteers, for 3 months (4 companies); May–August 1846. Lt. Colonel Phillip H. Raiford
  • Battalion of Alabama Volunteers, for the duration of the war with Mexico(5 companies); November and December 1847 – June 1848. Major John I. Seibels
  • 3 Independent Companies of Alabama Volunteers, for 6 months; received for 3 months, May–August 1846:
    • 1st Independent Company of Alabama Volunteers, for 6 months; Captain Robert Desha
    • 2nd Independent Company of Alabama Volunteers, for 6 months; Captain William H. Platt
    • 3rd Independent Company of Alabama Volunteers, for 6 months; Captain Rush Elmore
  • Independent Company of Alabama Mounted Volunteers, for the duration; June 1847 – July 1848. Captain James McGee

Arkansas

  • Regiment of Arkansas Mounted Volunteers, for 12 months; June 1846 – June 1847. Colonels: Archibald Yell (killed at Buena Vista); John S. Roane (Lt. Colonel to 28 February 1847)
  • Independent Companies of Arkansas Mounted Volunteers in the Mexican War:
    • 1st Independent Company, Arkansas Mounted Volunteers; 27 May 1847 – 24 June 1848. Captain Gaston Meares (late Lt. Colonel Arkansas Volunteer Regiment)
    • 2nd Independent Company, Arkansas Mounted Volunteers; 15 June 1847 – June 1848. Captain Stephen B. Euyart; Served in New Mexico, and on the Rio Grande

California

  • Battalions of California Volunteers, for 3 and for 6 months; recruited in July and October 1846 – April 1847. Lt. Colonel Commanding John C. Freemont (Bvt. Captain Topographic Engineers and Major of Volunteers, 23 July and 26 October 1846 – 19 April 1847)
    • Mounted Rifle Company A. Captain Richard Owens
    • Mounted Rifle Company B. Captain Henry S. Ford[
    • Mounted Rifle Company C. Captain Granville P. Swift
    • Mounted Rifle Company D. Captain John Sears
    • Mounted Rifle Company E. Captain John Grigsby
    • Mounted Rifle Company F. Captain Lansford W. Hastings
    • Mounted Rifle Company G. Captain B. K. Thompson
    • Mounted Rifle Company H. Captain Richard T. Jacobs (Spy Company chiefly of native Indians)
    • Artillery Company A. Captain John K. Wilson (Midshipman U.S. Navy)
    • Artillery Company. Captain William Findlay
    • Mounted Rifle Company. Captain Samuel Gibson (wounded at San Pasqual)
    • Company of Native Californians. Captain Santiago E. Arguello

Florida

  • 1st Independent Company of Florida Volunteers, for 12 months; February 1847 – March 1848. Captain William W. J. Kelly; Served at Guadaloupe and Santa Fe, Mexico
  • 2nd Independent Company of Florida Volunteers, for the duration; August 1847 – July 1848. Captains: K. G. Livingston, (died February 9, 1848 at Guadaloupe, Mexico); George Holmes (2nd Lieutenant to March 1848)

Georgia

  • Regiment of Georgia Volunteers, for 12 months; June 1846 – May 1847. Colonel Henry R. Jackson
  • Battalion of Georgia Volunteers, for the duration, (5 companies); July 1847 – July 1848. Lt. Colonel Isaac G. Seymour
  • Battalion of Georgia Mounted Volunteers, for the duration, (6 companies); September 1847 – July 1848. Lt. Colonel James S. Calhoun (late Capt. in Jackson’s Regt.)
  • Independent Company of Georgia Mounted Men; May 1847 – August 1848. Captain John Loyall

Illinois

  • 1st Regiment of Illinois Volunteers, for 12 months; June 1846 – June 1847. Colonels: John J. Hardin (Killed at BuenaVista); William Weatherford (Lt. Colonel to February 26, 1847)
  • 2nd Regiment of Illinois Volunteers, for 12 months; June 1846 – June 1847. Colonel William H. Bissell
  • 3rd Regiment of Illinois Volunteers, for 12 months; July 1846 – May 1847. Colonel Ferris Foreman
  • 4th Regiment of Illinois Volunteers, for 12 months; July 1846 – May 1847. Colonel Edward D. Baker
  • lst Regiment of Illinois Volunteers, for the duration; June 1847 – October 1848. Colonel Edward W. B. Newby
  • 2nd Regiment of Illinois Volunteers, for the duration; August 1847 – July 1848. Colonel James Collins
  • Independent Companies of Illinois Mounted Volunteers:
    • 1st Company Illinois Mounted Volunteers; 21 May 1847 – 7 November 1848. Captain Adams Dunlap (served with Brigadier General Wool)
    • 2nd Company Illinois Mounted Volunteers; August 1847 – 26 July 1848. Captain Wyatt B. Stapp
    • 3rd Company Illinois Mounted Volunteers; 13 August 1847 – 26 October 1848. Captain Michael K. Lawler (served with Brigadier General Wool)
    • 4th Company Illinois Mounted Volunteers; 13 September 1847 – 25 July 1848. Captain Josiah Littell

Indiana

  • 1st Regiment of Indiana Volunteers, for 12 months; June 1846 – June 1847. Colonel James P. Drake
  • 2nd Regiment of Indiana Volunteers, for 12 months; June 1846 – June 1847. Colonels: Joseph Lane (appointed Brigadier General U.S. Volunteers, July 1, 1846); William A. Bowles
  • 3rd Regiment of Indiana Volunteers, for 12 months; June 1846 – June 1847. Colonel James H. Lane
  • 4th Regiment of Indiana Volunteers, for the duration; June 1847 – July 1848. Colonel Willis A. Gorman (late Major of J. H. Lane’s Regt.)
  • 5th Regiment of Indiana Volunteers, for the duration; October 1847 – July 1848. Colonel James H. Lane (late Colonel 3rd Regiment Indiana 12 months Volunteers

Iowa

Kentucky

  • Regiment of Kentucky Cavalry Volunteers, for 12 months; June 1846 – July 1847. Colonel Humphrey Marshall (former 2nd Lt 1. U.S. Dragoons.)
  • 1st Regiment of Kentucky Volunteers, for 12 months, “Louisville Legion”; May 1846 – May 1847. Colonel Stephen Ormsby
  • 2nd Regiment of Kentucky Volunteers, for 12 months; June 1846 – June 1847. Colonels: William R. McKee (former 1st Lt. 3rd. U.S. Artillery, killed.); Lt. Colonel Henry Clay, Jr. (former 2nd Lt. 2nd. U.S. Artillery, killed); Major Gary H. Fry (former 2nd Lt, 3rd. U.S. Infantry)
  • 3rd Regiment of Kentucky Volunteers, for the duration; October 1847 – July 1848. Colonel Manlius V. Thomson]
  • 4th Regiment Kentucky Volunteers, for the duration; October 1847 – July 1848. Colonel John S. Williams (late Capt. of Independent Company)
  • Independent Company of Kentucky Volunteers; May 1846 – May 1847. Captain John S. Williams (served with the 6th U.S. Infantry)

Louisiana

  • Louisiana Battalion of Volunteer Artillery, for 3 months; (2 companies); August 21 – November 1845. Major Louis Gaily
  • 2nd Battalion of Louisiana Volunteer Artillery, for 6 months, (3 companies), received for 3 months, May–July 1846. Major Louis Gaily (commander 1st Battery)
  • Brigade of Louisiana Volunteers, for 6 months, (6 regiments); received, for 3 months. May and June–August 1846. Brigadier General Persifor F. Smith
    • 1st Regiment, P. F. Smith’s Brigade of Louisiana Volunteers. Colonel James B. Walton
    • 2d Regiment, P. F. Smith’s Brigade of Louisiana Volunteers. Colonel James H. Dakin
    • 3rd Regiment, P. F. Smith’s Brigade of Louisiana Volunteers. Colonel Samuel F. Marks
    • 4th Regiment, P. F. Smith’s Brigade of Louisiana Volunteers. Colonel Horatio Davis
    • 5th Regiment, P. F. Smith’s Brigade of Louisiana Volunteers. Colonel Baillie Peyton
  • Independent Company of Louisiana Volunteers, for 12 months; July 1846 – May 1847. Captain Albert G. Blanchard (former 1st Lieutenant in 3rd U.S. Infantry, and Captain 3rd Louisiana Volunteers)
  • Regiment of Louisiana Volunteers, for the duration; December 1846 – July 1848. Colonel Lewis G. De Russy (formerly Capt. U.S. Artillery and Paymaster)
  • Battalion of Louisiana Volunteers, for the duration, (5 companies); May 1847 – July 1848. Lt. Colonel Charles Fiesca (late Major 4th Regiment Louisiana Volunteers)
  • Battalion of Louisiana Mounted Volunteers, for 12 months, (5 companies); July and August 1847 – July 1848. Lt. Colonel Walter F. Biscoe (late 2nd Lieutenant in 2nd Regiment Louisiana Volunteers)

Maryland and the District of Columbia

  • Battalion of Maryland and District of Columbia Volunteers, for 12 months, (6 companies); May 1846 – May 1847. Commanders: Lt. Colonel William H. Watson (killed at Monterey); Brevet Major Robert C. Buchanan (Captain 4th U.S. Infantry Regiment, from November 1846)
  • Regiment of Maryland and District of Columbia Volunteers, for the duration, (8 companies); May and June 1847 – 24 July 1848. Colonel George W. Hughes (Captain and brevet Lt. Colonel Topographic Engineers)
  • 3 additional Separate Companies were attached to this Regiment:
    • Tennessee Company of Mounted Volunteers; May 1847 to July 1848. Captain C. Roberdeau Wheat (served with 2nd Dragoons; Major General Scott’s bodyguard)
    • Pittsburg Company; October 1847 to July 1848. Captain Thomas A. Rowley
    • Independent Company; 8 June 1847 – 1 August 1848. Captains: James Boyd, (Captain in Watson’s Battery; killed at Rio Calaboso, 12 July 1847); Joseph R. West, (served at Tampico under Colonel De Russy)

Massachusetts

  • Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteers, for the duration of the Mexican War, January and February, 1847 – July 1848. Colonels: Caleb Cushing, (15 January 1847: promoted to Brig. General); Isaac H. Wright (Lt Colonel to 27 May 1847).

Michigan

  • Regiment of Michigan Volunteers, for the duration; December 1847 – July 1848. Colonel Thomas B. W. Stockton (former 1st Lieutenant, 1st. U.S. Infantry)
  • Independent Company of Michigan Volunteers, for the duration, 18 June 1847 – 30 June 1848. Captain Morgan L. Gage

Mississippi

  • 1st Regiment of Mississippi Rifles, volunteers for 12 months; June 1846 – June 1847. Colonel Jefferson Davis (former 1st Lieutenant and Adjutant 1st. Dragoons; severe wound, at Buena Vista
  • 2nd Regiment of Mississippi Volunteers, for the duration; received January 1847 – July 1848. Colonels: Reuben Davis (resigned October 1847); Charles Clark (Captain to 16 October 1847)
  • 1st Battalion of Mississippi Rifle Volunteers, for the duration, (5 companies); October and November 1847 – June 1848. Lt. Colonel James Patton Anderson

Missouri

  • 1st Regiment of Missouri Mounted Volunteers, for 12 months; (8 companies); June 1846 – June 1847. Colonel Alexander W. Doniphan
  • Battalion of Missouri Volunteers, for 12 months; (3 Light Artillery companies; 2 Infantry companies); June and July 1846 – June and July 1847. Major Meriwether L. Clark (former 2nd Lieutenant 6th U.S. Infantry and Aide de Camp to General Scott)
  • Battalion of Missouri Mounted Volunteers, for 12 months,(4 companies, first mustered in Price’s regiment); August 1846 – August 1847. Lt. Colonel David Willock
  • 9 Companies of Missouri Volunteers, for 12 months; received at Fort Leavenworth August and September 1846, order of service countermanded by War Department, September 1846
  • Battalion of Missouri Volunteers for during the war with Mexico, (5 companies); May 1847 – October 1848. Lt. Colonel Alton R. Easton (late Colonel “St. Louis Legion.”)
  • 3rd Regiment of Missouri Mounted Volunteers, for the duration; July 1847 – October 1848. Colonel John Ralls[
  • Battalion of Missouri Mounted Volunteers, for the duration, (5 companies); August 1847 – November 1848. Lt. Colonel Ludwell E. Powell
  • Battalion of Missouri Mounted Volunteers, for the duration, (5 companies); September 1847 – October 1848. Lt. Colonel William Gilpin (late Major of Doniphan’s Regt.)

Mormon Battalion

  • Battalion of Iowa “Mormon” Volunteers, for 12 months, (5 companies); recruited and mustered at Council Bluffs, Indian Territory on 16 July 1846 and discharged 16 July 1847 at Los Angeles; Lt. Colonels: James Allen (Captain 1st U.S. Dragoons, died at Fort Leavenworth 23 August 1846); acting commander Jefferson Hunt (senior Captain, Co A, Mormon Battalion, from 23 August to 29 August 1846); Andrew Jackson Smith (1st Lieutenant 1st Dragoons, acting 30 August 1846 to 12 October 1846); Philip St. George Cooke (Captain 1st Dragoons, 13 October 1846 – 13 May 1847 when he relinquished command of the Battalion to accompany Gen. Stephen W. Kearny back to Ft. Leavenworth); acting commander Jefferson Hunt (senior Captain, Co A, Mormon Battalion, from 13 May to 16 July 1847)

The Mormon Battalion was recruited as a federal volunteer unit, not through the state of Iowa which was not created until December 1846. The Mormon Battalion was raised at the express invitation of President James K. Polk, not as part of any state or territorial requisition for troops.

The contemporary official Army documents refer to the unit in the following ways; Prior to Allen recruiting the unit as, “Capt. Allen’s Battalion of Volunteers”. As the new unit was being recruited and mustered into service, its first commander, James Allen, signed official documents with the name he gave the unit, “Mormon Battalion”.  General Stephen Watts Kearny, in letters of reply to the unit used Allen’s naming convention, calling it the “Battalion of Mormons” and “Mormon Battalion”.  P. St. George Cooke, commanding the Battalion under orders from Gen Kearny used the name, “Mormon Battalion” when reporting troop strengths in California.

New Jersey

  • Battalion of New Jersey Volunteers, for the duration, (4 companies); September 1847 – July 1848. Lt. Colonel Dickinson Woodruff

New York

  • 1st Regiment of New York Volunteers, for service in California and the duration of the war with Mexico; August–October 1848. Colonel Jonathan D. Stevenson
  • 2nd Regiment of New York Volunteers, for the duration; November 1846 – August 1848. Colonel Ward B. Burnett (former 2nd Lt. 2nd U.S. Artillery, severely wounded at Churubusco)

North Carolina

  • Regiment of North Carolina Volunteers, for the duration; January 1847 – August 1848. Colonel Robert T. Paine

Ohio

  • 1st Regiment of Ohio Volunteers, for 12 months; June 1846 – June 1847. Colonel Alexander M. Mitchell (former 2nd Lieutenant, 4th U.S. Infantry, wounded at Monterey)
  • 2nd Regiment of Ohio Volunteers, for 12 months; June and July 1846 – June 1847. Colonel George W. Morgan
  • 3rd Regiment of Ohio Volunteers, for 12 months; June 1846 – June 1847. Colonel Samuel R. Curtis (former 2nd Lieutenant, 7th U.S. Infantry and Adj. General of Ohio)
  • 4th Regiment of Ohio Volunteers, 1st Regiment for the duration; May and June 1847 – July 1848. Colonel Charles H. Brough
  • 5th Regiment of Ohio Volunteers, 2nd Regiment for the duration; September 1, 1847 – July 1848. Colonel William Irvin (late Lt. Colonel of Morgan’s Regt.)
  • Independent Companies of Ohio Volunteers, for the duration:
    • 1st Company of Mounted Men; 1 June 1847 – 2 August 1848. Captain John R. Duncan
    • 2nd Company of Foot; October 1847 – July 1848, (served with Irvin’s Regt.). Captains: William Keimeally (died, reported suicide, at Rio Frio, 21 December 1847). William H. Lytle
    • 3rd Company of Foot; 26 October 1847 – 17 July 1848. Captain Robert F. Riddle

Pennsylvania

  • 1st Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers, for the duration; December 1846 – July and August 1848. Colonel Francis M. Wynkoop
  • 2nd Regiment of Pennsylvania Volunteers, for the duration, (12 companies); January 1847 – July 1848. Colonels: William B. Roberts (died in City of Mexico 3 October 1847); John W. Geary (Lt. Colonel to 3 November 1847, wounded at Chapultepec.)

South Carolina

  • Regiment of South Carolina Volunteers, for the duration, “Palmetto Regiment”; December 1846 – June and July 1848. Colonel Pierce M. Butler (twice wounded, and killed at Churubusco)

Tennessee

  • Regiment of Tennessee Mounted Volunteers, for 12 months; June 1846 – May 1847. Colonel Jonas E. Thomas
  • 1st Regiment of Tennessee Volunteers, for 12 months, (12 companies); May and June 1846 – May 1847. Colonel William B. Campbell (former Capt. in Trousdale’s Regt. in Florida War)
  • 2nd Regiment of Tennessee Volunteers, for 12 months, (8 companies); June 1846 – May 1847. Colonel William T. Haskell
  • 3rd Regiment of Tennessee Volunteers, for the duration; October 1847 – July 1848. Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham (late Capt. in Campbell’s Regt.)
  • 4th Regiment of Tennessee Volunteers, for the duration, (9 companies); November 1847 – August 1848. Colonel Richard Waterhouse (late Major in Thomas’ Regt. Cav.)
  • 5th Regiment of Tennessee Volunteers, for the duration, (11 companies); December 1847 – July 1848. Colonel George R. McClellan

Texas

  • General Staff of Texas Volunteers; July 1846 – October 1846. Major General (Gov.) James Pinckney Henderson.
  • 1st Regiment of Texas Mounted Rifle Volunteers, June and July, and discharged September and October 1846. Colonel John C. Hays (late Major of a Batt. in the service of Texas.)
  • 2nd Regiment of Texas Mounted Volunteers, June and July, and discharged October 1846. Colonel George T. Wood
  • Regiment of Texas Rifle Volunteers, May, June and July, and discharged August 1846. Colonel Albert Sidney Johnston (former Adjutant U.S. 6th Infantry and Adjutant General of Texas.)
  • Regiment of Texas Mounted Volunteers, for 6 months (7 companies), for frontier defense; July, and discharged September 1846. Colonel William C. Young
  • Battalion of Texas Mounted Volunteers, of (4 companies); March 1847 – June 1848. Majors comdg.: M. H. Chevallie (late of Major Hays 1st Regt.; resigned 31 August 47); Walter P. Lane (Captain to October 1847)
  • Regiment of Texas Mounted Volunteers, for 12 months and during the war; April 1847 – May 1848. Colonel John C. Hays (Col. of 1st Regt. Vols, and continued in service)
  • Regiment of Texas Mounted Volunteers, for 6 months, for frontier defense; May 11, and discharged June 1847. Colonel John C. Hays (Col. of Regt. in Mexico)
    • Battalion of Texas Mounted Volunteers,(part of Col. Hays regiment) (5 companies), for local defense; April – June 5, 1847. Major Thomas J. Smith
  • Independent Companies of Texas Volunteers:
    • 1st Mounted Company; 25 September 1845 – 25 June 1846. Captain John T. Price
    • 2nd Company of Rangers; September and 10 December 1845 and March 1846, for two periods of 3 months each – July 1846. Captain Peter Hansbrough Bell (had before served on frontier defence of Texas, under Major Hays from September 1845)
    • 3rd Mounted Company; 1 October 1845 and January 1846 – September 1846. Captain David C. Cady
    • 4th Mounted Company; May and August 1846 – September 18, 1846. Captain Ben M’Culloch
    • 5th Mounted Company; July–October 1846. Captain Eli Chandler
    • 6th Mounted Company; July 1846 – July 1847. Captain Mabery B. Gray (late 1st Lt. in Bell’s co.
    • 7th Company of Foot Volunteers (first enrolled in Mississippi); August 1846 – 7 January 1847. Captain William E. Shivors (late Capt in Johnston’s 3rd Rifle Regt.)
    • 8th Rifle Company; (late Seefeld’s Company of Johnston’s 3rd Regt.); received 1 September 1846 – 1 July 1847. Captain P. Edward Connor (late 1st Lt. to December 1846: wounded at Buena Vista; retired May 1847.)
    • 9th J Company Volunteers (at Monterey); 8 October 1846 – October 1847. Captain Mirabeau B. Lamar (late Division Inspector to Maj. Gen. Henderson)
    • 10th I Company Volunteers; October 1846 – October 1847. Captain Shaply P. Ross
    • 11th Mounted Company of Spies; 31 January – 31 July 1847. Captain Ben McCulloch (Major in the Staff)

Virginia

  • Regiment of Virginia Volunteers, for during the war with Mexico, (14 companies); December 1846 and January 1847 – August 1848. Colonel John Francis Hamtramck (former 2nd Lieutenant, 3rd U.S. Artillery Regiment)

Misc. volunteers

  • Battalion of “Sante Fe” Mounted Volunteers, for during the war with Mexico, (4 companies); July and August 1847 – 20 October 1848. Major Robert Walker (late Adjutant of Price’s Regt. Missouri Volunteers)